iStock_000008174817XSmallFacilitation usu­ally is used for large groups, orga­ni­za­tions or busi­nesses. The facil­i­ta­tor helps the group focus on iden­ti­fy­ing and solv­ing prob­lems, issues, or plans for future devel­op­ment or projects of the group. There may be one or more groups, orga­ni­za­tions or busi­nesses involved in a facilitation.

There are two types of facilitation

Basic Facilitation

Basic facil­i­ta­tion is employed when the facil­i­ta­tor is brought in to help a group address a press­ing prob­lem. The facil­i­ta­tor helps the group to tem­porar­ily improve its process and solve the problem.

EXAMPLE #1: A num­ber of enti­ties were involved in attempt­ing to resolve prob­lems in a neigh­bor­hood park. The enti­ties included local gov­ern­ment depart­ments (police, parks, and city coun­cil­lors), a neigh­bor­hood group, a local church and a local social ser­vice agency. The process in this case involved sev­eral smaller medi­a­tion ses­sions between two enti­ties at a time, and then a large group facil­i­ta­tion that involved all of the inter­ested entities.

EXAMPLE #2: Another exam­ple involved a church in which the pas­tor was in a rela­tion­ship with a mem­ber. The rela­tion­ship became known to the con­gre­ga­tion and a num­ber of feel­ings and issues were raised that needed to be aired and looked at.

Developmental Facilitation

Developmental facil­i­ta­tion is used when the facil­i­ta­tor is brought in to help a group improve its process. This leads to a reduced depen­dence on a facil­i­ta­tor in solv­ing future problems.

EXAMPLE #1: A non-​​profit orga­ni­za­tion was plan­ning a large event and its mem­bers had diver­gent views on how that event should look and/​or be financed. Besides deal­ing with just this issue, the facil­i­ta­tor helped the orga­ni­za­tion develop a method for deal­ing with sim­i­lar sit­u­a­tions in the future.

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